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''Nothing in this complexity stands in the way of claiming that statistical mechanics describes the world in a way that explains why thermodynamics works and works as well as it does.''

Luckily, Ford is more enthusiastic: "Nick performs in a way that seems effortless, subtle and honest.

In these sentences Does '' in a way '' has the same meaning as '' in such a way '' ? What does it mean ? As far as I know ''in such a way'' is used like '' so that'' but I think in these sentences ''in a way '' is not the same as ''in such a way''.

  • in a way that [does something] = in such a way as to [do something]. Note that in principle we could introduce a full stop after ...statistical mechanics describes the world. Then the newly-created sentence that follows would mean something like That [= "the preceding sentence"] loosely explains why thermodynamics works (it's a kind of explanation). – FumbleFingers Reinstate Monica Dec 24 '19 at 14:36
  • The way of describing the world (used in statistical mechanics as its method) explains (is capable of it) why thermodynamics works. – Alex_ander Dec 24 '19 at 15:21
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You're right, "in such a way" would not be possible here.

The word that is a relative pronoun in the example you gave. It's followed by a clause of which "way" is the implied subject. It's the same use of that that you would find in a sentence like "I want a computer that works well in extreme temperatures."

Here is an example of in such a way that:

As he was pulling the battery cover off, he damaged it in such a way that nobody could get it back on again afterwards.

Here the word that is a conjunction. It is followed by a clause with its own subject. What follows is a consequence of the particular way in which he damaged the battery cover.

Here are a few more examples of such ... that:

He struck the coconut with such force that it shattered into fifteen pieces.

He had such great success in business that he was able to retire at forty.

They had such a good time together that she insisted they meet again the next evening. (Note: this is the subjunctive form of "meet." In British English, "met" or "should meet" would probably be more likely.)

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