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In this sentence: The birth rate in the USA was higher than the birth rate in China. If I wanna replace "the birth rate" before "in China", I would use "that" or "one"? Actually, I have already referred to some sample essays, the authors always use "that", but I do not know why they do not use "one"? Thank you so much!

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    The USA birth rate was higher than China's.
    – Nigel J
    Commented Dec 9, 2019 at 15:27
  • That's what pronouns are for. You can replace the birth rate with it was. Or you could actually remove the birth rate altogether and the sentence would still be understandable. (And please don't write wanna; write want to instead.) Commented Dec 11, 2019 at 4:35

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To keep your sentence structured the same way, the best wording would be: The birth rate in the USA was higher than that in China.

Using the word one instead of that could be confusing or misleading. A country can only have a single birth rate. Using the word one makes is sound like China could have multiple birth rates at the same time.

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