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When someone asks our name, we use I am [name]. Also, we use I am to express our feelings, like I am sorry, and I am happy. So do we use I am for both our identity and our feelings?

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    'I am' is never called a prefix; that term is already taken and universally agreed upon in linguistics. The copula be is very commonly used to show identities ('I am John') and states ('She is cold') (be is used in other ways; it's very versatile). // Though 'He is a disciple and a leader' and 'I'm tired and hungry' are totally acceptable, a mixed statement ('I'm a leader and angry') is not. Dec 26 '19 at 11:23
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Yes. Unlike some other languages (eg Spanish, Japanese), English uses the same copula be for contingent properties, innate properties, identity, and sometimes location:

I am happy (contingent or transitory property)

I am human (innate or permanent property)

I am Colin (identity)

I am in my house (location).

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  • great. the words late, right and wrong does they belong to contingent or transitory properties?. Like, i am late, i am right, i am wrong....etc...
    – Srini M
    Dec 27 '19 at 6:17
  • Given that I've just pointed out that English doesn't distinguish these kind of properties, I wonder why there is any point in asking this question here. But I would say that none of them is innate or permanent (though some people act as though being "right" is a permanent attribute that they have!)
    – Colin Fine
    Dec 27 '19 at 23:27

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