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Which sentences below would more formal ?

1) He is closer to me than my brother

2) He is closer to me than my brother is

3) He is closer to me than my brother close to me.

I wonder especially third one. If I want to write full sentence Should I write the third one?

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  • Options 1 and 2 are correct. Sentence 3 is not correct and would need "is" between 'brother' and 'close'. The double occurrences of 'close' and 'me' make it sound unnatural but you might hear such constructions in colloquial, spoken English.
    – johann_ka
    Jan 1 '20 at 18:04
  • Is it grammatically wrong or unnatural? Jan 1 '20 at 18:13
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It is optional to include or exclude a parallel structure in a comparison

He is closer to than my brother is close to me

may be shortened to

He is closer to me than my brother is

which may in turn be shortened to

He is closer to me than my brother.

Notice that, in the wordiest version, the comparative clause is identical except for the degree of the adjective: "close" is not in comparative degree. But "closer than" implies "close" in the comparison.

But a structure that is not parallel cannot not be omitted.

He is closer to me than my brother used to be close to me

can be shortened only to

He is closer to me than my brother used to be.

Your final version is wrong because it omits the verb from what is a clause.

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1) it is an example of informal usage; 2) formal usage. 3) wrong syntax. There is a mistake in the grammatical syntax in the third variant, because it is obviously indefinite semantically. Semantic uncertainty of some kind is a feature of any informal usage. If the context and pragmatics are precisely defined in some communication and understood by the participants in communication, then an informal usage does not impede such a communication. The third option is an obvious example where the context is undefined.

Compare:

  • (*) He is closer to me than my brother (is) close to me.

  • He is closer to me than my brother (is, who is) close to me (too).

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