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Currently reading this article,, the second paragraph says,

As North Korea’s nuclear and ballistic missile programs have become more adventurous, a worrying possibility has begun to emerge. There’s a chance that—at some point—the North Koreans might want to combine the two testing programs, by putting a live nuclear warhead on top of a ballistic missile. That means, assuming all goes as it should, the missile would fly downrange to its appointed target zone, and the warhead would detonate in the atmosphere. That sort of test—an end-to-end test of the full weapon system—would be a convincing demonstration that Pyongyang had crossed the critical bridges: that it had a long-range ballistic missile with the throw-weight to carry a nuclear warhead, a warhead able to be placed atop the missile, and a re-entry vehicle that could survive the stresses of re-entry.

My research, by all go, as here means "full of activities" or "very busy" (British informal).

I don't understand this sentence (painted by black and especially bold italic part "assuming all goes.")

Could you help me what "assuming all goes" mean, and the meaning of the sentence?

Thank you for your kind support.

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The expression assuming all goes as it should is equivalent to if everything proceeds as intended or if everything works out as planned.

Depending on how it is used, all can act as any of several parts of speech. In this case, all is acting as a singular noun and takes a singular verb.

If all were used to refer to a number of items or individuals, it would take the plural, as in:

All (the plates) fell to the floor and were shattered.

You will find more illustrations and explanations of its use at:

http://partofspeech.org/what-part-of-speech-is-all/

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