Lets us consider 2 types of names:

type 1 (that I do not know its name): issuance - advice - completion - confirmation

type 2 (gerund): issuing - advising - completing - confirming

What is the real difference between those 2 groups? I am very lost because when I translate each word of type 1 to my native language (Arabic), it gives me the same meaning of its corresponding in type 2. And what is type 2 called?

1 Answer 1


The first type of noun is the result of the second type of noun. The gerund is a verb acting as a noun & its product is the state of being of that first type. I produced a sentence. That producing resulted in a production.

  • 1
    Are there names from type 1 that end with 'ing' ? And how can I distinguish in these cases?
    – X Y
    Jan 21, 2020 at 4:52
  • Can you answer me, please?
    – X Y
    Jan 22, 2020 at 21:14

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