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What does the sober scientific view mean for man’s self-image?

It seems that the meaning of the sentence above depends on understanding the structure below:

"what does X mean for Y?

Could you please tell me what it means? And how can I rewrite it?

The fuller text is here:

Nietzsche was keenly interested in this new view of life. ‘All we need,’ he later wrote, ‘is a chemistry of moral, religious, aesthetic ideas and feelings, a chemistry of all those impulses that we ourselves experience in the great and small interactions of culture and society, indeed even in solitude.’ In the last third of the nineteenth century, numerous scientists and philosophers were hard at work on this ‘chemistry,’ a biological theory of existence without God. But the questions on Nietzsche’s mind were altogether different: What does the sober scientific view mean for man’s self-image? Does it render man larger or smaller? Does man stand to lose everything, or is something to be gained from seeing things more clearly? These questions formed the backdrop for his transcendent essay ‘On Truth and Fals

ehood.’

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    In What does X mean for Y?, that particular choice of preposition is strongly associated with contexts where Y is something "abstract" - or at least, incapable of understanding [what X "means"). What we're asking is *How does X affect Y? On the other hand, we usually say What does X mean to Y? where Y is a person (or group of people) where what we're asking is What does X think Y means? – FumbleFingers Reinstate Monica Jan 30 at 17:33
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"If (the biological theory of existence without God) is correct, what are the implications for humanity's view of itself?"

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