A tutorial gives this example:

I have raised my kids well.

What might be a reasonable context for this sentence? Have the kids have grown up?

  • Yes. Pragmatically, the kids must have grown up, because Present Perfect have raised (as opposed to am raising or have been raising) implies a completed action. That's to say, since the kids are "raised", their "raising" was done in the past, so by now they're no longer being raised - they're grown up. Feb 3, 2020 at 15:38
  • (Okay - I accept that in a specific context, it's possible that children who are still being "raised" have just done something that shows how well brought up they are already. Which their mother might boast about using a Past Tense reference even though the process is actually still "ongoing".) Feb 3, 2020 at 15:41


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