Can we use "with" instead of "by" after passive voice?

For instance:
1- It can be done by you >>> It can be done with you.
2- I was asked by him to come here >>>> I was asked with him to come here.
3- Our city got cleaned by people >>> Our city got cleaned with people.


3 Answers 3


This is a context where preposition usage has changed over time...

enter image description here

(I multiplied the aid values by 4 so one chart shows the same preference shift for both words at once.)

It's a risky business assigning precise and consistent meanings to English prepositions. In the specific context of linking a "result" (or method of achieving a result) to some relevant factor, by and with (plus through and possibly others) are "close enough". It's just that with is currently much more common for the exact context.

So you should note that the actual choice of preposition for OP isn't really a matter of semantics or grammar - it's just idiomatically established preference (which may slowly change). By further implication, although there will be some discernible patterns, the inconvenient truth is many of these idiomatically established usages simply have to be learned by rote (but not ...learned with rote! :). Just don't fall into the trap of assuming there's only one "correct" preposition for any given context (sometimes that's true, but often not).

Note that the specific fact of being "passive" doesn't affect OP's choice of preposition - exactly the same choice applies with all permutations of...

1: It was done [by / with / through] your [aid / help / assistance]
2: I did it [by / with / through] your [aid / help / assistance]


Your sentence is not grammatical. Things cannot be done by aid although they might be done by aiding somebody.

Your options are to write either:

It can be done with your aid
It can be done by you.

The first sentence is more likely than the second; nearly all English speakers would use the active voice: You can do it.

  • "X done by aid" is grammatical, but the situations where you'd say "X is done by aid" and really want to mean that would be rare.
    – LawrenceC
    Feb 8, 2020 at 16:48

It can be done by the aid of you.

This sentence is weird and doesn't work well with passive voice unless you really mean "The aid of you" is the only thing that does "it".

You probably don't mean this--it's not just "the aid of you" that is doing anything. You more likely mean "the aid of you" plus some other things (the people/etc. needing aid), and all those things together can do "it".

So that's why you'd use with. By is a "replacement", with is an "addition".

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .