The context of this part of text is Chaos:
Prophets foretell if its coming... Historians record its passing.
And the only ones who can fully understand it are those who have survived its reign...

Could you please explain the phrase who have survived its reign...

I understand it in this way: The chaos conquered on the planet, and somewhere ages hence after it has gone, people who survived are the only ones who can fully understand it.

  • The reign of a sovereign is the time that person is in power. Here chaos is personified as a king. Only those who fully understand chaos can survive against its destructive power.
    – user105719
    Feb 10, 2020 at 8:38
  • @user105719, but the action is in past and the only ones who understand it at this point in time are survivors... because they survived its reign. Don't they?
    – crafter
    Feb 10, 2020 at 8:51
  • I'm sorry, but I seem to be missing the point of confusion. Yes, the action (the reign of chaos) is in the past even though the verbs are present tense (foretell, record, can understand). Is that the problem?
    – user105719
    Feb 10, 2020 at 9:32

1 Answer 1


Your current understanding is correct. 'Those who have survived' refers to everyone who was alive during the chaos who still was alive after the chaos.

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