Federal judge Beryl A. Howell: No vote on initiating an inquiry is required. In the cases of all three presidents who faced such an action — Andrew Johnson, Richard M. Nixon, and Bill Clinton — the House Judiciary Committee had begun investigating or received grand jury materials before a full House vote.

It gets tricky when there's more than one sentence. The way I wrote it doesn't make it clear that the second sentence is also what the judge, not me, said. If I use quote marks, then I would mislead a reader into believing that it's an actual word-for-word citation when it's not the case. I could use semicolons, but imagine there're three or more sentences. I don't want to make some sentence centipedes like some sick linguo-surgeon.


There is no punctuation mark that specifically indicates non-verbatim quotation. Since you're not primarily concerned with space constraints the way newspaper headings are, I'd suggest adding a verb.

"Federal judge Beryl A. Howell argues/opines/suggests/claims that no vote... She cites the precedent of the three presidents who faced..."

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  • Yes, I’d expect a verb rather than a colon. But, for a headline style (headlinese) I’d expect commas rather than ‘period + new sentence”, For example, High Court rules Aboriginal people cannot be deported for criminal convictions, cannot be 'alien' to Australia. – Orbital Aussie Feb 12 at 11:57

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