I would like to know a few things about the use of "much" and "a lot of" in positive sentences.
First of all, I have been taught that in positive sentences I have to use "a lot of" and not "much".
What's the reason for such a rule or recommendation? Is it because "much" sounds very or extremely formal compared to "a lot of"?

I heard a person who teaches English say that "much" expresses a lesser amount than "a lot of" and that's why "much" doesn't have to be used in positive sentences. Is this true? Is it considered an error or wrong to use "much" in positive sentences? My curiosity to know more about this topic is because often people who teach English just say "in positive sentences use a lot of and not much". But they don't give you a compelling reason.

Here are two couple of example sentences:

  1. I have much money.
  2. I have a lot of money.
  3. I have much water.
  4. I have a lot of water.
  • See this answer to the question: ell.stackexchange.com/questions/31719/… Feb 16 '20 at 21:24
  • There are several words and phrases in English which are called negative polarity items: they occur only in negative or interrogative sentences, and not normally (or not with the same meaning) in positive declarative sentences. Other examples are any (and anywhere, anybody etc), at all, the slightest, the least, few (but not a few). I don't know a reason for these: it is just a fact about English.
    – Colin Fine
    Feb 17 '20 at 0:04

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