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Oxford Dictionary 5 (https://www.lexico.com/en/definition/just) gives this definition about "Just"

Expressing agreement.

and gives this example

A: “Simon really messed things up.” B: “Didn't he just?”

Does the guy B mean Simon did worse than messed things up?

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  • You've asked a lot of very similar questions in the last 24 hours about the meaning of "just". Most of your questions are answerable by reading dictionary definitions.
    – CJ Dennis
    Commented Feb 20, 2020 at 22:28

1 Answer 1

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No, Guy B means "You're right, he did."

The question is entirely rhetorical--a way of expressing emphatic agreement. These are pretty much the same, and the "just" primarily serves as an intensifier of agreement.

Person A: The movie was terrible. Person B: Wasn't it? I hated the plot and the characters.

Person A: The movie was terrible. Person B: Wasn't it just? I hated the plot and the characters.

This usage of just is somewhat related to the meaning of just as "exactly" or as in "just so."

You could interpret the question as "Didn't he [mess up exactly as you say]?"

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