some verbs can be used as nouns,so what differences between verbal noun and gerund? for example: 1.Winning is not everything. (does "win" work?) 2.Please return it after use.(does "using" work?) 3.Walking is a good form of exercise for both young and old. (does "walk" work?)

please give me the reasons,or if both work,any different meanings? thank you!

  1. Winning is not everything. (does "win" work?)

Yes, but as a verb it would need to be in the to-infinitive form: "To win is not everything". It sounds very formal, but sayings like this often are - for example "to know is to understand". As a noun it would be "a win is not everything".

  1. Please return it after use. (does "using" work?)

"Using" could work, but only as a verb. As this is an instruction or command - the kind you might see on a sign or notice - the strict rules of grammar do not always apply. As a noun, "use" is countable, so if you wanted it to be grammatical rather than instructional you might want to say "after each use".

  1. Walking is a good form of exercise for both young and old. (does "walk" work?)

"Walk" as a verb doesn't sound right. It would have to be "To walk is good exercise", which may be grammatically correct as in your first question, but it isn't at all idiomatic, I can't imagine anyone saying it. As a noun, it would be "a walk is a good form of excercise.

  • thanks for your prompt reply.I know "To win" is right,but I still want to know why 'win' cannot be subject alone, 'win' is a noun itself as well as verb.
    – davidzhang
    Mar 12 '20 at 11:57
  • "To win" is a verb. If you wanted to use it as a noun you would have to say "A win".
    – Astralbee
    Mar 12 '20 at 12:16
  • got it! thank you very much!
    – davidzhang
    Mar 13 '20 at 0:19

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.