0

I am aware that the basic grammar pattern of a sentence is subject + predicate + object, where object is optional.

In this sentence,

I want a cup of tea

"I" is a personal pronoun, which functions as a subject; "want" is a verb, which functions as a predicate; "a cup of tea" is a noun phrase, which functions as an object.

So far so good.

Consider another sentence,

He works as an architect.

"He" is a personal pronoun, which functions as a subject; "want" is a verb, which functions as a predicate.

How about the last part? Could someone please give a hint? Thanks in advance.

Note: I understand the sentence conveys someone's occupation, what does he do for a living, and that is NOT what I am asking. I am asking about its grammatical function and analysis.

Similar to "subject", "predicate", what is the term (or canonical name) to describe the component of a sentence that "as an architect" functions as? Obviously, it is not an "object".

5
  • 'To work as a [whatever]' is a standard way of stating someone's occupation. That's all. – Kate Bunting Mar 21 '20 at 12:57
  • @KateBunting Thank you. I understand the sentence conveys someone's occupation, what does he do for a living, and that is NOT what I am asking. I am asking about its grammatical function and analysis. – WXJ96163 Mar 21 '20 at 13:04
  • I meant that this is simply one of the uses of as. Cambridge English Dictionary says: ' used to describe the purpose or quality of someone or something: She works as a waitress. It could be used as evidence against him.' – Kate Bunting Mar 21 '20 at 13:22
  • @KateBunting I guess I didn't clarify my question. Let's try it again :) Similar to "subject", "predicate", what is the term (or canonical name) to describe the component of a sentence that "as an architect" functions as, obviously, it is not an "object". – WXJ96163 Mar 21 '20 at 13:43
  • An adverbial phrase modifying 'works'? – Kate Bunting Mar 21 '20 at 19:51
1

In this context, as is a preposition and an architect is the object of the preposition.

He is a subject pronoun
works is an intransitive verb
as an architect is a prepositional phrase which modifies the verb works.

Note that prepositional phrase describes how it was constructed - it starts with a preposition. We can also describe it in terms of its grammatical function within the sentence. A prepositional phrase can function as an adverbial phrase when it modifies a verb, or as an adjectival phrase when it modifies a noun, for example

The man at the centre of the controversy is ..."

In your example, it modifies a verb, so it is functioning as an adverbial phrase.

2
  • Thank you. Similar to "subject", "predicate", what is the term (or canonical name) to describe the component of a sentence that "as an architect" functions as, obviously, it is not an "object". – WXJ96163 Mar 21 '20 at 13:41
  • @WXJ96163 I have added some more information to my answer. – JavaLatte Mar 22 '20 at 0:42

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.