It is clear that the stipulations of Rule 1.04 pertain to potential Playing Fields. These can be either (a) unconstructed ones or (b) to-be-remodeled ones. In neither case is minimum outfield distance an intrinsic quality. These distances are a potential quality.
Still, if you want to apply Rule 1.04 to constructed ballparks, it is no stretch of the English language to say, simply, that the Playing Field provides ("makes available for use, supplies, offers for utilization") minimum outfield distances, even if said distances are now "intrinsic qualities."
Cannot Inanimate Objects (especially those that come so vibrantly alive as the Playing Field in a Ballpark or--to grab a random example--a meeting room in an upscale Hotel) provide or offer its facilities, including its inherent measurements?
Else, how is it that the Loews Annapolis Hotel not only has a variety of Luxury Suites and meeting rooms, but also offers them (emhasis mine)?
To me, it is simple English. Provide can mean "make available for use, furnish, supply, offer for utilization."
One might ask, to who(m) does the Playing Field offer or provide its minimum outfield dimensions? I must digress and say Who's on first?, but seriously, A Playing Field offers and provides its inherent measurements to all involved, the players, the umpires, the fans, the vendors, et al. Else, what is the point of MLB providing Rule 1.04, let alone a Rulebook?
Thus, I would say, "have" would not be better.