# What does "three deep" mean?

Books were stacked three deep on the mantelpiece, books with titles like Charm Your Own Cheese, Enchantment in Baking, and One Minute Feasts — It’s Magic! And unless Harry’s ears were deceiving him, the old radio next to the sink had just announced that coming up was “Witching Hour, with the popular singing sorceress, Celestina Warbeck.”

Does it mean the books were stacked up to three layers? Can you apply this usage in other numbers? like "two deep?

• Check this out: ldoceonline.com/dictionary/deep_2, sense 3, "two/three etc deep if things or people are two deep, three deep etc, there are two, three etc rows or layers of things or people: People were standing four deep at the bar." May 27, 2014 at 13:55
• Yes, it can be used with other numbers. Related: What does 'five deep' mean?
– J.R.
May 27, 2014 at 19:43

I take it to mean that there were three stacks of books (each stack being of indeterminate height), one behind another.

To give some cheap ASCII art of it:

``````||
wall
|| [[[[       ]]]]    :::::
||  AAAAA   BBBBBB    CCCCCC
|| @@@@@    #####    \$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$               Harry stands here,
||  1111   2222222  3333333              <- looking that way
|| abooka  bbbookb   ccbookc
===============================mantel==
stack 1 stack2    stack3
``````

In the above "art", the books are stacked five high and three deep (from Harry's perspective). There's probably room for another stack, which would then make the stacks four deep; and you could pile on as many more books as you want (until they fall over), making the stacks 15 high or more.

• You're right to point out that perspective matters. For example, I wouldn't call these stacks of books "three deep" (at least, not from that angle). Those are more like "three stacks of books, side by side". Rotate my viewing angle by 90 degrees, though, and I'd see "books, stacked three deep."
– J.R.
May 27, 2014 at 19:47

Yes, it means the books are stacked in three layers.

The expression "three deep" (four deep etc.) also carries the sense of irregularity. The books are not precisely arranged in three layers. To take Damkerning's comment, three deep at a bar implies a throng of people not an orderly queue.