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someone wanting to study

I want to ask how do you call this structure or why do we use a wanting here?

We can definitely rephrase it as someone who wants to study how, but anyway, why is the word wanting here?

Apart from this I'm giving you an example sentence:

"He also troubleshoots matters pertaining to industrial unrest."

are they used similarly? like pertaining and wanting? were they complement here?

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    Sorry, but your question is very difficult to understand. I appreciate that English is not your first language (otherwise you would not be here) but if we can't understand the question we cannot answer it. Could you perhaps provide a full quotation from your source material, and then separately explain what you do not understand?
    – Astralbee
    Apr 14, 2020 at 13:28
  • @ Astralbee i wanted to ask why do we use " wanting" in the sentence "someone wanting to study", what was the function of wanting
    – Angyang
    Apr 14, 2020 at 14:52

1 Answer 1

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Both "wanting" and "pertaining" are participles. The Engish present participle is has the form "verb-ing".

Participles can be used to modify or describe nouns, rather like adjectives.

Wanting to go home, The girl walked out of school.

In this sentence there is a participle clause. The implied subject is "the girl"

Relative clauses can also be used to modify or describe nouns

The girl, who wanted to go home, walked out of school.

And like relative clauses, a particle can come after the noun.

The girl, wanting to go home, walked out of school.

A participle can be used instead of a relative clause, and this is the structure that is being used in your two examples.

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