What do the bold parts mean? Or rather, I should say that I'm confused by the bold parts, and I'd like to know what the sentences mean, and what kind of flavor they have to them. And what does win away mean?

(1) He ran away on me.

(2) They won several games away on us already.

(3) Today I’m pissed, so I will quit early for the day on him [e.g., my boss].

I suppose bold parts are related to some kind of adversity, because in the same place (pp. 33-34) the following sentences appear:

(a) I (adversely) experienced his running away.

(b) Due to our carelessness we (adversely) experienced their winning several games away from us.

Do (1) and (a) mean the same? And do (2) and (3) mean the same? And still, what kind of flavor do these sentences have?

  • None of the sentences mean the same thing. And (1) doesn't say anything about why it happened or the results, so it cannot be equated with (1). Unless you mean to ask if run away is being used in the same sense? – Jason Bassford Apr 28 at 0:39

Example (1) means first, that he ran away, and second, that I consider that to be negative and I am hurt by it. It is more or less equivalent to (a).

Example (2) isn't idiomatic in English. If you drop the "away", it is closer. In any case, "on us" doesn't fit well there.

Example (3) isn't quite idiomatic, either. The expression "on him", to express an adverse action is colloquial and informal, and it should be close to the action it applies to.
If it were "Í'll quit early on him.", that would be more idiomatic. The more detail you put between "quit" and "on him", the less understandable it becomes.

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