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Please, can you explain me when we can use verb +ed like

"you are allowed to..."?

I understand that the main meaning is that you are free to do something but I can't find the definition of this grammar rule.

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The sentence you mentioned is a passive-voice sentence.

You can make such passive-voice sentences with transitive verbs. To form the passive voice sentence, you need to know the past-participle of the intended verb. For many verbs the past participle is given by the pattern you mentioned- verb+ed.

  • They allow you to stay here. (Active voice)
  • You are allowed to stay here. (Passive voice)
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Many verbs can be followed by object + infinitive:

I want you to listen.

I allow you to go.

Sometimes, we can change these structures into passive voice:

I allow you to go. >> You are allowed to go.

Sometimes, permission is expressed by : be allowed to :

You are allowed to go (giving permission).

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