I know you can and, usually, do simply say 'tall' or 'short'. But what if I want to say it differently: 'of [some word] stature'. What adjectives should I use to make it sound idiomatic? 'Short'/'tall'? 'Low'/'high'?
Although this might be somewhat subjective, I think the following all sound the most idiomatic when paired with stature:
He is of small stature.
She is of medium stature.
They are of large stature.
With respect to its figurative use, the following is an example sentence from Merriam-Webster's definition of stature (different emphasis mine):
a man of surprisingly great stature.
On the other end of the scale (although it works both literally as well as figuratively) is:
You are of diminutive stature.
To explicitly address a comment, I would not short stature.
He is of short stature.
→ He is short.
→ He is of small stature.
In fact, I would probably go with the simpler he is short. I don't see a real reason to use an of statue construction when discussing height, since the other is more succinct and common.
However, if I did use stature, I think that small works better with it in this context.
This is something where Google's Ngram Viewer can help; searching for
of * stature gives you the most common combinations:
Of course, you need to view the actual search results to view if they match your description. That seems to be the case for
LITTLE GREAT MEN. IT is a remarkable thing that some of the greatest men in history have been of small stature. Certainly, from all experience, height of person has no influence on the mental faculties.
Achilles was of great beauty, black Hairs and crispe, grey Eyes and great, of amiable sight, large Breasts, broad shoulders, great Arms, his Reins high enough, a man of great stature, and had none like unto him among all the Greeks
There was yet a battle in Gath, says the Bible, where a man of great stature appeared, that had on each hand six fingers, and on each foot six toes, four and twenty in number; and he also was the son of the giant (Ibid.).
short stature seems to be used more in medical studies, which may not be what you're after.