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From NPR, transcript here.

Michelle Scott is reading from the Common Core math standards for fifth-graders. She'll be teaching fifth next year, along with John Gries. And together, they're writing—and rewriting—lessons they'll need come September.

For the last sentence, did he want to say, “they're re-writing lessons they'll need if September comes”? He inverted the last part, put the verb “come” in the front and omitted “if”, right?

As far as I could determine, it seems only “if” with subjunctive voice could be used in this way. I don't think it's a subjunctive voice. In my impression, the subjunctive voice stands for those occasions when you're not sure whether it will happen or not, such as “If it were to rain, I'd pick you up.”

September will come sooner or later (it's not in limbo), so I'm wondering how to explain the sentence.

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    It's not if; it's when. This come might be a little unfamiliar, but it's common enough. It's a preposition: come (prep.) "When a specified time is reached or event happens: 'I don’t think that they’ll be far away from honours come the new season'" – Damkerng T. Jun 5 '14 at 2:47
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When come used as a preposition this way, it means at that time.

come (prep) - at a particular time in the future or when a particular event happens.

Note that it's an informal way to say that as MM describes.

You may simply paraphrase that sentence in - lessons they'll need in September or when September comes.

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One could say that come can be used in many idioms:

Regarding the grammatical function, some say it's the "temporal subjunctive" while others suggest it can be considered a preposition.

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