I am wondering how the modal "shall" affects the interepratation of the following sentence in traditional British English:

My voyage is only now delayed until the weather shall permit my embarkation.

Does the until-clause mean the same as "until I am certain the weahter permits my embarkation"?

1 Answer 1


It's a somewhat formal way of saying until the weather permits.

The question of certainty doesn't arise.

  • Are you British?
    – Apollyon
    May 29, 2020 at 10:41
  • 2
    From Frankenstein by Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (written 1818). Very old fashioned, bordering on archaic. Apollyon, please state origin of material you ask questions about. May 29, 2020 at 10:57

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