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I would like to use the word reference as follows but I could not find enough example sentences on the Internet.

For example, your company was awarded with a certificate such as ISO9001 and you say

This certificate is a primary reference to manifest that the standards of hygiene in your company is sufficient to produce foods.

or another example could be

Certain scores taken on TOEFL exam is primary reference for universities to prove that a student's English skills are sufficient to participate in classes in courses taught in English.

What I mean by "primary reference" is that it is the most trusted or the first asked/wanted or the most well-known document in its field such as ISO certificates for companies or a TOEFL exam result for academic institutions. Is it wrong to say that? What else can I use?

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It is not ungrammatical to say primary reference but it is a bit clumsy, and in the examples may be the only reference. Its typical use is in these examples:

The primary reference for the XXX widget is the manufacturer's data sheet.

My primary reference when looking for a word is Roget's Thesaurus.

I suggest using the word proof (which you used as a verb in the second example).
This is given by Lexico as

proof
mass noun

1 Evidence or argument establishing a fact or the truth of a statement.

So the sentences can be (with other small changes)

This certificate is proof that the standard of hygiene in your company is sufficient to produce foods.

A certain score given for the TOEFL exam is enough proof for universities that a student's English skills are sufficient to participate in courses taught in English.

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