I was reading an article on the BBC site, and I came across this sentence: "Mr Musk has been critical of government policies during the coronavirus pandemic."

Does it say that Mr Musk criticises the government? If so, why did the author use "has been" ? Isn't this the past tense of "to be" ?

1 Answer 1


Has been is the present perfect tense of "to be".

The present perfect tense has a number of uses, but generally it is used to describe something that happened at one or more unspecified moments in the past and, more specifically, may be still continuing, or has the possibility of continuing in the present.

Note this description of the present perfect from englishpage.com: "We also use the present perfect to talk about several different actions which have occurred in the past at different times. Present perfect suggests the process is not complete and more actions are possible."

That seems to be the case with the sentence you are citing. It notes that Mr. Musk has criticized government policies since the pandemic started (implying that he did this one or more times). Since the pandemic is still going on today, this was obviously written during the pandemic, so the sentence also implies that he may be continuing to criticize government policies during the pandemic.

That pretty much sums up why someone would use the present perfect tense in this sentence. Having more context would help, but it's easy to imagine that this sentence may have followed a very recent quote from Mr. Musk in which he has just criticized government policies very near to the time that the article was written.

I hope that's helpful.

  • 1
    The first thing I thought of responding to when I read the question was not the second part about the verb, but the first part about the object of criticism: "Does it say that Mr Musk criticises the government?" The answer to that is no, although it's strongly suggested. Strictly speaking, it does not say he is criticizing the government. It says he is criticizing the government policies. Even though you didn't address this specifically, I was pleased to see that your answer left it as government policies throughout, rather than switching it to just government at any point. Commented Jun 6, 2020 at 17:24

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .