I'd like to know whether "the" or "any" should be used in the following:
The porky fellow came into the cubicle, scarcely leaving me any/the room in which I was standing.
I'd appreciate your help.
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You're not likely to find a single definitive answer to your question.
The porky fellow came into the cubicle, scarcely leaving me the room in which I was standing.
The porky fellow came into the cubicle, scarcely leaving me any room in which to stand.
These are the choices that I find natural. The question comes down to how defining the following restrictive modifier happens to be.
I find the phrasing "in which I was standing" to be sufficiently defining. It has a complete clause, with a tense and a mode. It's definitive because it is indicative. That room, that amount of space, is fixed in time and place. In this context, it would be hard to be more definitive than that. Here, "the" is the natural choice.
The phrasing "in which to stand" is more open to interpretation. It lacks tense and mode. It expresses something like purpose or intention. It's abstract and hypothetical, rather than concrete and indicative.
Being more open to interpretation, "in which to stand" may as well be sufficiently defining. I find "any room in which to stand" to be more natural in my idiolect, and yet I find "the room in which to stand" to also be natural enough. It's not my first choice, but it doesn't sound wrong.
We can use both noun phrases with the prepostional phrase in which I was standing. There is just a little difference in meaning between them. The indefinite determiner any tells us that the speaker occupies some amount of space without informing how large or small it is really. The prepositional phrase in which I was standing modifies the noun phrase any space, showing what size this space is actually.
The second example is the noun phrase the space, which having the definite article. The definite article just informs us that some phrase, which defines the noun space, follows after the noun . It is the prepositional phrase in which I was standing that informs us what this space is exactly.