Adapted From the Cambridge Dictionary

Learning a new computer program is a tedious process.

I am aware the meaning of the whole sentence. I'd just like to know the difference between the sentence above and the one below.

Learning a new computer program is tedious.

Does the former convey a stronger feeling? Is the latter more common as it is shorter?

From the Cambridge Dictionary

process: a series of actions that you take in order to achieve a result

  • "Can be" is the only difference as that indicates not always. "Is", on the other hand, indicates always. I don't think it matters. There is no difference in the eyes of your readership, so why worry? Jun 16, 2020 at 22:53
  • I bet you imagined the problem was with process. Not for me. Jun 16, 2020 at 22:56
  • @BruceMurray Thank you. You are right. I refined the OP.
    – RobertH
    Jun 16, 2020 at 23:17
  • No, you misunderstood. I was trying to convey that maybe you had imagined that including "process" in the second phrase made a significant difference. It does not make any difference. Jun 16, 2020 at 23:21
  • The second sentence doesn't say that a process is involved. In theory (although the nature of tedious tends to belie at least some of this), learning a new computer program in the second sentence could take a fewer number of steps or involve a shorter amount of time. It's possible for something to be tedious, but involve only a single action. A single action is not a process. Only something with at least two actions can normally be considered a process. So, including process can make a significant difference, depending on context. Jun 16, 2020 at 23:22

1 Answer 1


The difference is between the adjective "tedious" and the noun phrase "tedious process", as predicates of "learning a new computer program".
Of course, "learning a new computer program" is always a process, but the speaker has the option to characterize it by an adjective or by a noun phrase, with almost no difference in meaning.

  • Thank you. Both are common, and neither is more formal than the other, right?
    – RobertH
    Jun 17, 2020 at 2:48
  • "Is tedious" has wider applicability than 'is a tedious process", so they won't be equally common. I don't see any difference in formality. Jun 17, 2020 at 4:32
  • Thank you. You please help me to make up a context where "is tedious" is applicable while "is a tedious process" is not?
    – RobertH
    Jun 27, 2020 at 9:13
  • Studying for tomorrow's exam is tedious. Getting a computer science degree can be a tedious process. Jun 27, 2020 at 14:33
  • Thank you. Is studying an action or a process?
    – RobertH
    Jun 30, 2020 at 21:55

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