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I saw the following sentence in a movie:

He seems to have come out of nowhere

What is rule behind using present perfect after "seems to"

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This construction is used when you talk about how a past event appears to you.

It seems he came out of nowhere.

Becomes-->

He seems to have come out of nowhere.

And if you want to talk about something current, a general situation, or a habitual act, you use the present simple.

It seems he is/comes from Berlin.

then you have

He seems to be/come from Berlin.

When you talk about something ongoing, an action that is happening at the moment, you use the continuous aspect of the present tense

It seems he is doing something wrong.

So

He seems to be doing something wrong.

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