2

I know that both

a) She has walked for two hours.

and

b) She has been walking for two hours.

mean the same thing: that she started walking two hours back and is still walking.

So according to the above example, both of the below two sentences should be correct.

  1. Since she started journey, she has felt sick.
  1. Since she started journey, she has been feeling sick.

But my grammar book says only the second sentence is correct. Why so? What is the difference in meaning between them?

2
+25

Both are correct depending on the context.

Since "feel sick" is a continuous verb and there is an indicator of a duration of time,"Since she started journey," both present perfect and present perfect progressive are implying that it's an incessant event.

The only nuance difference is that present perfect could mean that she's not sick now, though it can also mean she may still be sick, whereas present perfect progressive can only mean that she is still ill.

1
  • This is quite true, but there's an additional complication. I've tried to explain it below. – Yuri.teacher.English Apr 3 at 18:59
2

For a start, both sentences are missing a definite article, the:

  • Since she started the journey, she has felt sick.
  • Since she started the journey, she has been feeling sick.

The time marker "since" puts the sentence in the Present Perfect Progressive tense and calls for the corresponding format.

See the image below from https://esllibrary.com/blog/present-perfect-vs-present-perfect-progressive/

comparisons of present perfect and present perfect progressive tenses

I found this clear description from grammar-monster.com:

The present perfect progressive tense has two uses. It is used for:
A continuous activity that began in the past and continues into the present. For example:

  • Those workmen have been fixing the roads.

A continuous activity that began in past but has now finished (usually very recently). For example:

  • John has been baking cakes.

You have to rely on context to tell you whether the activity is still ongoing in the present or has finished. For example, the workmen might still be working, and John's finished cakes might be on the table.

See the below screenshot:

screenshot of construction of a present perfect progressive tense

Link to grammar-monster.com

2

Both constructions are correct, but not for the obvious reasons. Besides the missing article in these two sentences, the difficulty is with the verb itself.

Corrected:

  1. Since she started the journey, she has felt sick.
  2. Since she started the journey, she has been feeling sick.

The present perfect (PP): An activity that has been completed in the past.

  • Its primary purpose is to emphasize that the action is completed.
  • It is used to enumerate actions, to state achievements, state the unfinished.

The present perfect continuous (PPC): An activity that has just been completed and has an impact on the immediate moment or continues into the future.

  • It has two primary uses. It can be used to emphasize the impact on the present, but it is also often used to emphasize the length of time for action. That latter is what is happening in sentence 2.

Option 2 leads us to empathize with the subject of this sentence:

Poor thing, she has been feeling sick since we left the house.

Whereas, the present perfect would do the opposite.

Fortunately, she has only felt sick once since we left the house. The journey has been quite easy for her.

So why is option 1 also correct?

Where everyone gets really confused is with respect to whether verb is active or stative.

The thing is that, when you are using a stative verb the PP is used instead of the PPC having the same meaning as the PPC. Stative verbs cannot be used with the continuous tense, regardless of whether it is present, future, past or perfect.

Correct:

  • I am happy.
  • I was happy.
  • I will be happy.
  • I have been happy.

It would be incorrect to say:

  • I am being happy.
  • I was being happy.
  • I have been being happy.

I think the point is clear.

The problem is with the verb to feel. In theory, it is a stative verb, but in practice it is used as both stative and active.

Correct:

I feel happy.

Correct:

I am feeling happy.

Understanding this, wouldn't the PPC be correct then? Not necessarily!

If you follow example 1:

  • I feel happy. > I have felt happy.

The PP would actually be correct and PPC incorrect.

If you follow example 2:

  • I am feeling happy. > I have been feeling happy.

The PPC would be correct, and the PP would be quite weird.

In conclusion, there's no avoiding it. Both are perfectly correct.

2
  • Is it also true that stative verbs can be in continuous tense in order to emphasizing? – HypnoticBuggyWraithVirileBevy Apr 3 at 23:36
  • No, it is not done for emphasizing. If a stative verb is used in the continuous tense its meaning can change. Some common examples, with love (stative) "I'm loving it" means you're enjoying (active) it, with have(stative) "I'm having a coffee" means drinking it (active), with to be (stative) "You're being mean" means you are behaving in a mean way. – Yuri.teacher.English Apr 4 at 12:15
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I think because both sentence don't has a duration time like "for two hours/for two weeks". In this case, it can be used to emphasize an action that's been happening "lately" or "recently", so the present perfect continuous is more appropriate.

0

Both constructions are correct.

Your two walking examples should both say “has” and not “have”. Always “She has” or “She has been”; never “She have” or “She have been”.

2
  • tq, edited my mistake. So you mean both "she has felt sick" and "she has been feeling sick" give same meaning?? – Ramteja Guthikonda Jun 26 '20 at 7:49
  • Yes that is what I mean. :) – Anton Jun 26 '20 at 7:58

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