When I was reading this website "https://www.ieltsbuddy.com/ielts-task-1-map.html", I faced with some questions:

Somewhere it was written:

1-There have been several changes, the most noticeable being the increases in accommodation, the elimination of the fishing industry, and the introduction of sports facilities.

Is "being" the reduction of "are"? If so, What is the verb of "the most noticeable"?

Turning to the present day map, it can be seen that the fishing facilities have all gone, being replaced by four apartments,

Should The bolded part in the last sentence not be just "replaced"?

NOTE: In the first comment, both of them were explained. I understood the second, but could one tell me more about the first sentence? Frankly, to what extent, it is not fathomable to me.

  • The most noticeable [of these changes] are... The fishing facilities have gone [and have been] replaced by... Jul 2 '20 at 12:39
  • @KateBunting Could I ask you to explain more about the former one. Thanks for the second one, I learned it. Please put forward them in the answer so that I accept it.
    – user115852
    Jul 2 '20 at 14:09
  • What is a reduction? I don't know that jargon. What I do know is that, if you replace "being" with "are", you would be left with an independent clause and a comma splice error. Jul 2 '20 at 19:43

"There have been several changes. The most noticeable [of these changes are/were]..." Replacing the words in square brackets with being is a way of expressing the same meaning more concisely.

"The fishing facilities have gone [and have been] replaced by..." is similar.

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