What is the difference between these two sentences:
If you do this exercise badly, that would be a violation.
If you do this exercise badly, it is a violation.
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It’s a difference in tense.
Doing this is a violation.
Here we’re simply stating the “rules” (present tense). In some context, doing something is a violation (against the “rules”).
Doing this would be a violation.
Here we paint a hypothetical picture of the thing having already been done, and state that it would be/would have been a violation (past tense).