What is the difference between these two sentences:

If you do this exercise badly, that would be a violation.


If you do this exercise badly, it is a violation.

  • I can't understand the context of the sentence. What exercise? A violation of what? – Jack O'Flaherty Jul 7 '20 at 10:16
  • It’s a violation as if it were a contest in which you need to perform exercises in good form. – John Doe Jul 7 '20 at 14:20

It’s a difference in tense.

Doing this is a violation.

Here we’re simply stating the “rules” (present tense). In some context, doing something is a violation (against the “rules”).

Doing this would be a violation.

Here we paint a hypothetical picture of the thing having already been done, and state that it would be/would have been a violation (past tense).

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