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Outside his house, several cars are parked as a group of people have gathered to demonstrate.

  • Is as natural here? Would and be better?

  • Would it also be correct if I had written "a group of people has gathered"?

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    Would prefer as a group of people gather to demonstrate. Sounds better to me. Group (collective noun) can take singular or plural. Google collective nouns singular plural for extensive guidance. – Ronald Sole Jul 9 '20 at 15:17
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    I would interpret as here as meaning because, implying that the parked cars belong to the demonstrators. – Kate Bunting Jul 9 '20 at 15:49
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    @KateBunting Yes, agreed; it makes more sense that way. – Ronald Sole Jul 9 '20 at 23:00
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    @KateBunting I agree with you.My answer is also “because” – 我的不好 Aug 11 '20 at 8:48
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I think the first problem is that it is not natural. Backing up let's say the situation was,

John drove home from work, exhausted. As he turned onto his street he sighed in frustration. He would have to park a block away again! Outside his house, several cars were parked. A group of people were gathered to demonstrate, again.

or

cars were parked and group of people were gathered to demonstrate, again.

Without knowing the context the verb 'are' seems awkward. And without knowing what was important in the story, we can't really tell whether a full stop or 'and' was better... but 'as' is just awkward.

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Because would be better than as. If you want to use as to mean because, you need to put a comma before it, otherwise it reads as if the cars are parked in a group.

The sentence doesn't sound natural though, due to the verb tense. If you are recounting a story it would be normal to use the past tense. I would also change the ordering in the sentence:

Several cars were parked outside his house, as a group of people had gathered to demonstrate.

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They are saying as because its means the cars belong to the people who are gathering.

if i say:

Outside his house, several cars are parked and a group of people have gathered to demonstrate.

^this actually means there are several cars parked in a group and a group of people gathered to demonstarte^

meaning:

The several cars have nothing to do with the people and don't belong to them

But the several cars do have something to do with the people.Beacuse it is their cars.Beacuse it says:

Several cars have gathered AS a group of people gathered to demonstrate: (meaning they came with the/their car)

Also

Have is used with the pronouns I, you, we, and they, while has is used with he, she, and it.

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