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From an ELL post

In this sort of context which usually refers to a choice between previously defined alternatives. For instance

I have some time free at 9:30, at 11:00 and at 1:30. At which time will you call me?

Where "9:30", "11:00" and "1:30" are called previously defined alternatives.

There are four options/choices, "a, b, c, d", in the multiple-choice question shown below.

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According to Cambridge Dictionary, "alternative" could be used as a noun and synonym for "choice".

Is it natural and clear to say the following?

There are four alternatives in question 1.

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  • Yes it is fine. – Peter Jul 11 '20 at 10:10
  • For an alternative or a choice, there have to be at least 2 possibilities. If someone says it's your choice, it means that you must choose between (at least) two options. if you say there are 4 alternatives in question 1, to what are they alternatives? To be alternatives, they must be alternatives to something else. In instances like these, I prefer 4 options. This fits the Cambridge dictionary definition: one thing that can be chosen from a set of possibilities dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/option – Ronald Sole Jul 11 '20 at 11:20
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Is it natural and clear to say the following?

Answer: Yes, you could say that.


Let's proceed to analyze small nuances of the meaning. Consider the first definition from wiktionary:

alternative (plural alternatives)

  1. A situation which allows a mutually exclusive choice between two or more possibilities; a choice between two or more possibilities. [from 17th c.]
  2. One of several mutually exclusive things which can be chosen. [from 17th c.]
  3. The remaining option; something available after other possibilities have been exhausted. [from 18th c.]

When you use "alternative", either in the multiple-choice question or the referenced ELL post, you may be emphasizing the mutually exclusive aspect. Do you really want to do that?

There are more neutral words like "option", "choice", or in this case "answer".

  • You have four options to pick from in question 1.
  • You may choose between four different answers in question 1.
  • There are four choices.

In the most ordinary, typical situations you'd probably pick one of those alternatives that I have just mentioned.

Like "option" or "choice".

You wouldn't say "alternative".

If you are going into much more detail about each of the answers, their pros and cons, and the fact that you may only choose one, then you may choose to elevate the choices to alternatives.

Also, "alternative" often plays against "Plan A", your main course of action. What is the alternative? That means, what is the second choice? That doesn't make sense when presented with four equally viable choices in a multiple choice test scenario.

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