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1). She refused to pay the penalty.

2). She refused paying the penalty

What is the difference in meaning between these two sentences??

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  • The first one is right. The second is wrong. No idea why, I'm just a native English speaker.
    – codi6
    Jul 21 '20 at 6:06
  • To refuse a payment is to refuse to accept it.
    – Peter
    Jul 21 '20 at 6:22
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refuse in this context means to express a determination not to (do something).

Therefore the structure refuse to + infinitive is needed. (e.g. I refuse to go to school)


For more information on this structure and on the usage of gerund have a look at this:

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