1). She refused to pay the penalty.

2). She refused paying the penalty

What is the difference in meaning between these two sentences??

  • The first one is right. The second is wrong. No idea why, I'm just a native English speaker. – codi6 Jul 21 '20 at 6:06
  • To refuse a payment is to refuse to accept it. – Peter Jul 21 '20 at 6:22

refuse in this context means to express a determination not to (do something).

Therefore the structure refuse to + infinitive is needed. (e.g. I refuse to go to school)

For more information on this structure and on the usage of gerund have a look at this:

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