It seems like wilt refers to plants and die refers to animals and human beings.Can anyone help me clarify the difference?

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    If you are willing to consider adjectives instead of verbs, it is the difference between dying and dead. – Umberto P. Aug 12 '20 at 23:21

A plant wilts when its stems and leaves become floppy from lack of water. If it is watered, it will probably revive. It is dead when it is shrivelled and brown. (Of course, some plants die back naturally and new leaves grow from the root the next year.)

A person can be metaphorically described as wilting if they are too tired or unhappy to hold their head up straight.

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    People who are defeated in argument, thwarted, or who become discouraged about something, etc, are sometimes said to wilt visibly. – Michael Harvey Aug 12 '20 at 8:08
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    Wilt is also used for humans when it's extremely hot, for example we might say "It was so hot yesterday I was wilting in the heat!" This usage is entirely analogy with the idea being that the human resembles, or feels like, a floppy, dehydrated plant. – J... Aug 12 '20 at 17:40

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