I've recently learnt about relative clauses from reading two websites. I see a conflict between them
- From the first source :https://www.ef.com/ca/english-resources/english-grammar/non-defining-relative-clauses/ ( about non-defining clauses )
The last sentence of the small above passage means that defining clauses will never stand after commas, and you can't leave out the relative pronoun in non-defining relative clauses
- From the second source :https://www.thoughtco.com/reduced-relative-clauses-1211107 ( about reductive relative clauses )
These are examples showing how to reduce a relative clauses. In the first example:
"The product, which seemed perfect in many ways, failed to succeed in the market. Reduced: The product, perfect in many ways, failed to succeed in the market"
In the origin sentence, the relative clause "which seemed perfect in many years" stands after commas, so in the knowledge from the first source => it is a non-defining clause. In the first source, however, the author also says that you can't leave out the relative pronoun in non-defining relative clauses, you can see in the "reduced sentence", the pronoun "which" has been removed.
So Are two sources contradictory ?. I'm looking forwards to your help. Thank you.