What does "having to reason" mean here? Are "exhausting" and "having" gerund here? Can I use "having" instead of "having to"? Is it following this structure? "It's +adj+v+ing something"

Of course it's exhausting, having to reason all the time in a universe which wasn't meant to be reasonable.

1 Answer 1


Are "exhausting" and "having" gerund here?

Exhausting is being used as an adjective, with the meaning "extremely tiring".

Having to is an auxiliary, meaning, "being required to" or "needing to".

There's a sort of play on words being used where reason means "to think critically" or "to apply logic", and the second reasonable means "sensible" or "logical".

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