For governments the temptation is to turn the clock back to limit the economic damage, from the collapse of city-centre cafés to the $16bn budget shortfall that New York’s subway system faces. Britain’s government has tried to cajole workers back to the office. But rather than resist technological change, it is far better to anticipate its consequences. Two priorities stand out.
I would like to think about it as a reference to damage, but there is a comma also there is no collocation of "limit from", and thinking it as a time scale is weird to me.
How should I understand it grammatically?