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The purpose and meaning of the sand paintings can be explained by examining one of the most basic ideals of Navajo society, embodied in their word hozho (beauty or harmony, goodness, and happiness).(From TOEFL)

Is the past participle function as a shorten version of nonrestrictive relative clause? But I generally them as adverbial clause modifying the main verb of the sentence.

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    The text is examining an ideal (a standard towards which society should aspire), which is embodied [made manifest, given metaphorically "physical" form] in/by that particular word hozho. Oct 11, 2020 at 12:18

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It is functioning as a non-finite clause, modifying the preceding noun phrase. Here, embodied is modifying "one of the most basic ideals of Navajo society".

It can be either restrictive or non-restrictive in general, but here the meaning is more restrictive since it is trying to specify "hozho" as the ideal that should be examined.

http://myenglishgrammar.com/lesson-17-clauses/6-finite-and-nonfinite-clauses.html

But I generally them as adverbial clause modifying the main verb of the sentence.

An adverb clause needs a conjunction. Past participles can start an adverbial phrase, but even then it needs a noun phrase to attach to.

Aided by the instructor, the student parked the car correctly.

The student was aided by the instructor.

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