The bank is opposite the supermarket next to the bar.
What is next to the bar, the bank or the supermarket?
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The cited example is inherently ambiguous. The meaning depends on how you parse it...
1: The bank is opposite the supermarket [and [the bank is]] next to the bar
(the bank is next to the bar)
2: The bank is opposite the supermarket [which is] next to the bar
(the supermarket is next to the bar)
BUT - if you include a comma (pause, in speech) after supermarket, this weakens the link between that word and the clause that follows (effectively ruling out sense #2 above). This doesn't alter the fact that without the comma/pause, the text is perfectly idiomatic, and can indeed carry either sense, depending on context.