1. "Put up the banner."

  2. "Make up your mind."

I get the impression that "up" functions as an adverb or phrasal verb in both.

  • In both examples "up" is a preposition. It's better to say that "put up" and "make up" are verbal idioms. The term 'phrasal verb' is misleading: it is not the whole expressions "put up" and "make up" that are verbs; it's just the words "put" and "make".
    – BillJ
    Oct 24, 2020 at 18:45
  • I would not call them prepositions, as they are followed by a noun clause that they do not govern. But I know I am not up to date with CGEL's treatment of prepositions.
    – Colin Fine
    Oct 24, 2020 at 19:16
  • @ColinFine I can't see a noun clause in either example.
    – BillJ
    Oct 25, 2020 at 11:59
  • Sorry @BillJ, I meant "noun phrase".
    – Colin Fine
    Oct 25, 2020 at 12:05
  • @ColinFine No problem. You're right that the NPs are not governed by "up" -- that's because "up" is intransitive since it is a one word phrase, i.e. a particle in a 'verb-particle-object' construction. That it’s a particle is evident from the fact that it can also be positioned after the object (cf. "Put the banner up").
    – BillJ
    Oct 25, 2020 at 12:49


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