For example, what is the difference between "Will you get to know your daughter" and "Will you know your daughter"?
In what situations do you use "get to"?
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"Get to know" is a phrasal verb meaning "start to be familiar with someone or something". We have to get to know people we have never met before, or, perhaps, have not seen since childhood. To simply "know" someone can have a number of meanings, but in the future tense (e.g. "will you know someone") can mean "to recognize someone or something"
You use "get to" when talking about a process leading to a stage where you can say that the action of the main verb is true.
This can be in a context when you are conscious there exists a situation that hinders the process involved (here, to know someone) and that you want to make clear that you know that and that you refer to the process as conditional to that hindrance. It can also be in a context where there is no hindrance to talk about.
From OALD, 15
[intransitive] get to do something to reach the point at which you feel, know, are, etc. something
- After a time you get to realize that these things don't matter.
- You'll like her once you get to know her.
- His drinking is getting to be a problem.
- She's getting to be an old lady now.
In the first two examples the hindrance is that some time is necessary in order to learn certain things. There is no such context in the last two examples.
One more example