I saw the parenthesized material in a verbal book.

  1. VANGUARD (VAN-gahrd)
  2. ADEPT (uh-DEPT)
  3. SATURATED (SACH-uh-RAY-tid)

I guess the material belongs to a type of marking for pronunciation. Can anyone tell me how to understand this type of marking? Thank you.

  • It's a kind of "eye-dialect" for popular use (as opposed to IPA, as used by linguists and such). With your examples, they're also using CAPITALS to indicate "stressed" syllables (given more emphasis, enunciated more forcefully). – FumbleFingers Nov 12 '20 at 16:28


The parenthesised sequences of alphabet are called the 'phonetic spellings' of the words. It shows how you would pronounce a particular word. The capitalised parts are the 'stressed' syllables of the words. 'Stress' (or 'accent') is relative emphasis or prominence given to a certain syllable in a word i.e. that syllable is the strong syllable in the word. For example, the first syllable in the word 'English' is stressed—ING-glish.

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    But of course the word adept can be either a noun or an adjective - and like so many English words, which part of speech the word represents depends on which syllable gets the stress. – FumbleFingers Nov 12 '20 at 16:30
  • @FumbleFingersReinstateMonica: That's an important point! However, I explained the example provided by the OP. – Void Nov 12 '20 at 16:33
  • Well, there's a bit of a chicken-and-egg issue here. If the example is supposed to help people understand what "eye-dialect" means, it's not exactly helpful to illustrate it with the word adept (which could be either noun = /ˈadɛpt/ or adjective = /əˈdɛpt,ˈ, unless and until you understand how the eye-dialect rendition disambiguates). – FumbleFingers Nov 12 '20 at 16:45
  • @FumbleFingersReinstateMonica: Is it better now? I don't know phonetic spelling – Void Nov 12 '20 at 16:47
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    Oh! I didn't mean to pressure you into changing your actual answer text (which I thought was fine, so I upvoted as soon as I read it). Just remarking that adept probably wasn't the best choice for an "illustrative" word in OP's (TEFL?) book. But yeah - there's no mistaking where the stress goes in INglish (but I'm in two minds as to whether the capitalised part should include G - I don't know eye-dialect any more than I know IPA! :) – FumbleFingers Nov 12 '20 at 17:00

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