The following is from Oxford's Application Guide webpage. It's talking about the English proficiency test that one must take:
The University only accepts certain standardised test results – IELTS, TOEFL iBT, Cambridge Certificate of Proficiency in English (CPE) and Cambridge Certificate in Advanced English (CAE). The English language test must have been taken within two years of the date your programme will commence.
I can't figure it out. Would this mean two years BEFORE the date of the programme commencement or AFTER?