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In the following sentence, to which word (rescuers or hope) does 'all' belong?

"Rescuers had abandoned all hope of finding any more survivors."

If it belongs to the rescuers, why doesn't it appear just after the word 'Rescuers'?

and if it belongs to 'hope', why isn't it 'hopes'?

  • 2
    Hope can be used uncountably. Try to imagine hope as something fuzzy, homogenous, inseparable, the way water usually is. It might help. – Damkerng T. Jun 27 '14 at 6:09
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Firstly, all is used for hope and not rescuers.

Secondly, the construction all hope [singular] is okay. As Damkerng says in his comment, hope is also an uncountable noun. as used here. So, all with hope is okay.

There's also a song All Hope is Gone.

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"All hope" is a literal translation of "ogni speranza" from Dante's Divine Comedy. According to the Divine Comedy, the following words are written on the gates of Hell:

Per me si va nella città dolente,
per me si va nell'eterno dolore,
per me si va tra la perduta gente.
Giustizia mosse il mio alto fattore,
fecemi la divina potestate,
la somma sapienza e il primo amore.
Dinanzi a me me non for cose create,
se non eterne, ed io eterno duro:
lasciate ogni speranza, voi, ch'entrate.

"Lasciate ogni speranza" means "Abandon all hope".

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