I looked it up online and came across the same question asked on different forums online, and all the answers say the only correct way is "what do you mean?", as a stand alone question.
But I have always been under the impression that "what you mean?" is in very common usage at least somewhere (I think it might be the UK but I am not sure). Because I got the habit of saying it without "do" for many years now and never questioned it sounding off until today.
Does it sound unnatural to native speakers to hear the question "what you mean?", by itself? I don't mean grammatically correct or not, I mean if it is something you wouldn't expect an educated native speaker to do.