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The sentence goes, "He is not, like his father, optimistic about future." It means he is not optimistic but his father is. But I dont' understand the logic of negation here because it says'like his father'. Please explain.

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"He is not, like his father, optimistic about future" states that the father in question is also not optimistic about the future.
Like his father is a non-essential appositive clause (which is why it is set off by commas) and thus can be moved around in the sentence. So, we can rewrite the sentence like this - Like his father, he is not optimistic about future.

If we needed to state that the father in question was optimistic about the future we would say, Unlike his father, he is not optimistic about future or He is not, unlike his father, optimistic about future.

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  • You could use as his father is instead of like his father. Jan 12, 2021 at 10:02

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