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After six months of arguing and final 16 hours of hot parliamentary debates, Australia's Northern Territory became the first legal authority in the world to allow doctors to take the lives of incurably ill patients who wish to die.

In the above sentence, the to allow doctors to take the lives of incurably ill patients who wish to die is a complement? or post attributive? What's the difference between post attributive and complement?and to allow is a infinitive?

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  • Yes, "allow" is an infinitive. The infinitival clause in bold is a relative clause functioning as a modifier in the noun phrase the first legal authority in the world to allow doctors to take the lives of incurably ill patients who wish to die.
    – BillJ
    Jan 12, 2021 at 8:02
  • Incidentally, "attributive" means before the noun, whereas "post" means after the noun. So there's no such thing as 'post attributive'.
    – BillJ
    Jan 12, 2021 at 9:57

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... Australia's Northern Territory became [the first legal authority in the world to allow doctors to take the lives of incurably ill patients who wish to die].

It's an infinitival relative clause functioning as a modifier in the bracketed noun phrase.

Infinitival relative clauses typically have a modal meaning comparable to that expressed in finites by "can" or "should".

In your example, the meaning is

the first legal authority in the world that can allow doctors to take the lives of incurably ill patients who wish to die.

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