Used is the past tense form of use. But it is also the "past participle".
The "past participle" is a bad name, because it doesn't mean "past time". It just means "the participle that sometimes is the same as the past tense". Participles don't have any tense.
The past participle has three main uses: It forms perfect tense expressions:
The carpenter has used a screwdriver.
It forms the passive voice
A screwdriver is used by a carpenter.
It forms participle phrases, and adjectives related to verbs. These also have a "passive" sense.
Used by carpenters, screwdrivers are good tools.
Can I buy a used car?
The tense is carried by the (auxiliary) verb, not the participle.
Your examples are all examples of passive voice
"It is actually used now". is equivalent to "Somebody actually uses it now"
When is button used and when is key used? is equivalent to "When does one use button and when does one use key?"
(number 3 doesn't have used) It is passive voice with the past participle of "arrest" (it might be an adjective "arrested")
The book is used to inform humans becomes "Somebody uses the book to inform humans.
When you change passive to active, you often need a "somebody" or "one".
To make a present tense passive voice to past tense passive voice, change "is" to "was" (or "are" to "were")
It was actually used 100 years ago.