It appears that both expressions exist in the internet although "patients with X disease" seems more common than "patients of X disease".

Of note, Google Ngram finds the expression of "patients with" but cannot find that for "patients of".

Are both correct? If yes, what are the differences, if any, between them?

Example 1

most patients of Alzheimer's disease are 65 years and older

Example 2

most patients with Alzheimer's diease are 65 years and older

  • 1
    (1) is a mistake, perhaps influenced by the fact that 'cases of Covid-19' was in the previous line. Feb 8, 2021 at 9:15

2 Answers 2


In English, "patient of" refers to the physician. "Patient with" or "patient suffering" refers to a medical condition.

The patient with the perforated abdomen is a patient of Dr. Phibes.

The ape with cerebromegaly is in the care of Dr. Moreau.

The modern tendency is to use people living with X where X is the name of the medical condition as long as we are talking about these people outside the specific context of a medical facility. You are only a patient if you are currently in touch with the medical profession which many people with dementing illnesses are not.

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